Agreement High Seas
The agreement also provides for: (1) generally, three to five days in advance, measures envisaged that “threaten navigation or aircraft in flight”; (2) information on incidents intended to be channelled through naval attachés belonging to each capital; and (3) annual meetings to review the implementation of the agreement. It is not possible to adjust the process, especially in the time it takes. This is why the creation of such a framework for marine protected areas in waters outside national waters is a central element of the new negotiations on the High Seas Treaty. The first three-part series of IUCN and DOSI focused on the many issues related to the conservation of marine biodiversity on the high seas, known as areas outside the national jurisdiction (ABNJ), all in anticipation of the next round of negotiations, which is currently being postponed. But as the efforts approach the finish line, it starts to move. Karan says legislators are more interested in governance on the high seas and that there is a greater need for a committed public who can commit to strong protection of nature. Nations from around the world will meet at the United Nations between September 2018 and early 2020 for a series of four two-week meetings. The final treaty will be the third UNCLOS “implementation agreement” which came into force in 1994. We know quite well how to do it in national waters – there are more than 15,000 of them already in places like the Great Barrier Reef of Australia and the Florida Keys. But there are few such protected areas on the high seas, because there is no international framework to guide the process. Such an effort to create a marine protected area in the Ross Sea of Antarctica took years of research and diplomacy. The contracting parties take steps to order the commanders of their respective vessels to scrupulously comply with the letter and spirit of the international regulations on the prevention of collisions at sea, following the rules designated by the Highway Code. The parties recognize that their freedom to conduct operations on the high seas is based on the principles established by international law recognized and codified by the 1958 Geneva Convention on the Law of the Sea.
1. Through the established system of radio transmissions, information and alerts to seafarers, usually no less than 3 to 5 days in advance, notification of measures on the high seas posing a risk to navigation or to aircraft in flight. The European Commission has very constructive negotiations with international partners to protect marine biodiversity in areas outside national jurisdiction, commonly known as the high seas. Similarly, the representative of the Philippines said: “Let us not forget that at the end of the day we live in a common world and sail in one sea.” He called for the political will to reach an agreement that benefits humanity as a whole and said that the principle of the common heritage of humanity should anchor the new treaty, which reflects the rights and competences of neighbouring coastal states and the situation of countries in ecological danger.